Saturday, May 23, 2020
Close your eyes for a minute and imagine waking up in a nightmare, where you vision a horrific dark presence in your room and youÃ¢â¬â¢re unable to scream for help or even move. This helpless Ã¢â¬Å"nightmareÃ¢â¬ can also be known as Sleep Paralysis. A condition which people experience a terrifying paralyzing feeling throughout their body in between the state of rest and awakening; often seeing troubled things. Since when I was young I would have some experiences with sleep paralysis. Due to the unusual experiences, I became interested to research the topic and took my time to read about it more. Sleep paralysis, occurs with the most normal sleeper, so itÃ¢â¬â¢s possible it can happen to you. What IÃ¢â¬â¢m really trying to get across is, why not educate yourself with it now, so youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be more aware when it does happen. Sleep Paralysis can be a terrifying experience for many people, but before I get into depth what it is Sleep Paralysis and why it happens, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll first get a understanding why we dream, and finally IÃ¢â¬â¢ll talk about how to control Sleep Paralysis. Ah, dreams, such a difficult thing science can never grasp. So why do we dream? -Visual Interaction- To be honest, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t really know, even oneirologist (people who study dreams) dont even know! Though there are a lot of theories why we have dreams. A more popular spiritual theory states dreams actually serve a purpose; to prepare us for threats. Research shows, negative feelings are the most common emotion when we sleep. So, thoseShow MoreRelatedThe Theory, The Energy Conservation Theory1419 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction: what is sleep: Sleeping is something that most creatures of the animal kingdom have in common. A period of time where the body seemingly ceases to function. The average human is supposed to sleep 7-8 hours a day, and although this varies from species to species, the core function stays the same.The dictionary definition of sleep is Ã¢â¬Å"the natural state of rest during which your eyes are closed and you become unconsciousÃ¢â¬ .(Sleep, n.d.) Although it seems like nothing is happening whenRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Narcolepsy Essay1220 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescontrol of sleep and wakefulness. People with narcolepsy tend to experience daytime sleepiness and fall asleep anywhere at any given time. There is no direct cause of narcolepsy but there it is a genetic disease in which you can get it from one of your family members. The genes controls the productions of chemicals in the brain that may have signaled sleep and awaken cycles. There are abnormalities in many parts of the brain which h as some type of involvement with REM sleep. In REM sleep you can experienceRead MoreUnknown but Scarey Factors of Bells Palsy723 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagespalsy is the most common type of facial paralysis. Every year it happens to over 40,000 people. It can happen to anyone at any age. I decided to do my paper on Bells palsy because you talked about viruses on our last lecture. When you talked to us about lysogenic pathway Bells palsy is what came to my mind because it is said to be a virus that stays in ones body and attacks whenever it wants to. So what is Bells palsy? Bells palsy is a form facial paralysis. Most of the times it only affects oneRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Depression1502 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdefined by Ã¢â¬Å"Mood Reactivity and two or more of the following, increased appetite, increased sleep, leaden paralysis, and interpersonal rejection sensitivity.Ã¢â¬ (Singh/Kristi) and during Shiloh you will see that Leroy manifests mood reactivity, leaden paralysis, and interpersonal rejection. Which is enough to diagnose him with atypical depression. So how does he show it? WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll let us start with leaden paralysis, you will mostly see how he has this in the end of the story. But in the beginning of the storyRead MoreSleep Disorders : Sleep Disorder2013 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSleep disorders alter ones sleep pattern and often results in the inability to either sleep or sleep soundly. They often cause you to feel restless, tired, fatigued, and irritable. It is estimated that nearly 75 percent of adult A mericans experience sleep disorder symptoms at least a few nights per week. At the same time, sleep disturbances in some form are seen in as many as 25 to 30 percent of infants and children (Ã¢â¬Å"Sleep DisordersÃ¢â¬ 2013). Clearly a huge conundrum in the world, sleep disordersRead More Sleeping and Dreaming Essay1270 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesland we go. Why is this though? Why do we sleep every night? Why do we awake with dream fresh in our heads? How important is this most basic human routine to our survival? What happens when it is disturbed? Sleeping is extremely important for all mammals, but humans especially. Without sleep we are unable to function properly and at our fullest abilities. When we sleep we grow, and it is an opportunity for us to dream which has many benefits. Sleep is also a way for us to relieve ourselves ofRead MoreHealth Issues That Affect The Sleepers Dreams At Night1870 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesmetabolism and temperature which leads to more brain activity during REM sleep. More brain activity during REM sleep means more dreamsÃ¢â¬ (Restonic). If the sleeper goes to bed with a full stomach that means they are more likely to have intense dreams, which will lead to having nightmares. Health issues that affect the sleepersÃ¢â¬â¢ dreams at night. The occurrence of nightmares could be due to heart conditions, migraine and, sleep deprivation. According to Professor Jim Horne from the LoughboroughRead MoreWhy I Am The Minotaur Essay995 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswrite anything, without it making little to no since, even though I would know what I wrote, to someone else it would look like gibberish. I never really toke any type of writing class in high school, I did have English class, but we never did an essay, all I remember doing in those classes was just either reading or writing down definitions. How did I feel about writing before taking this class? I never had the courage to write anything down, let it be a comment on a video or talk to someone onlineRead MoreDreaming from Various Sources1456 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswhen dreams happen, and what their potential purposes may be. To start this paper, we first must understand what a dream is. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, a dream is a series of thoughts, images, or emotions occurring during sleep. Dreams take the things we see during our waking hours and translate them into unique, sometimes horrifying, and possibly meaningful ways. Dreams could also be representations of subconscious feelings and desires, bubbling up from deep within ourRead MoreDevry Psyc 110 Midterm Exam - Latest Essay1459 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesa(n) _____ of anxiety. (Points : 2) variable operational definition theory hypothesis Question 3.3. (TCOs 2, 3) Marta was in an automobile accident and suffered an injury to her brain, resulting in the paralysis of her left arm. What part of MartaÃ¢â¬â¢s brain was injured?(Points : 2) Auditory association area Motor cortex Association areas Somatosensory cortex Question 4.4. (TCOs 2, 3) A group of axons bundled together
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
I know I should start this with some super interesting hook to get you interested, but I was just a normal teenage girl, and there isn t really anything interesting about that. When I was 14 I started high school and being a freshmen was something new, harder classes, playing sports in school, playing competitive soccer out of school, and trying to have a social life, it was all really crazy to juggle. I just had this super busy schedule every week, which would eventually be true for all four years of High School. With this busy schedule, I was able to learn to balance my time, making it so I could accomplish everything I needed to do every week. I began playing soccer at age four, starting at a recreational level. When I was nine, I started playing on a competitive soccer team, which was a huge step up from the recreational level. We played soccer three to four times a week, practicing, conditioning, and playing in games. Over the years I played on three different competitive teams with a variety of different coaches. Each coach had a different style of coaching and a different personality. Over the years I was able to develop and improve as a player. One day one of my coaches Frank asked me, Ã¢â¬Å"Hey Michelle, IÃ¢â¬â¢m starting a recreational program called Eagle River Soccer Club, how would you want to come out and coach?Ã¢â¬ It was one of those things I had to think about, because I was just starting at a new school, and I didn t know if I would have the time. So I thoughtShow MoreRelatedSports Are Good For Children1654 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesextracurricular activities and what ones are best for my child. At what age is the best time to put them in? Which sports with help them develop the most? Once they start with if they decide they do not like it do I force them to keep going? As a parent, we are always looking to do the best for our children but, are there times when we are pushing them to hard and not helping them in the way we feel we should be ? Organized sports are good for a child when introduced at the right time and in the rightRead MorePlaying Sports At A Young Age Essay1485 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCompetitive sports are negative to younger kids and older kids who play sports, whether its contact or non-contact sports. Many kids are playing sports, whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s football, Martial Arts, Cross Country, or Baseball, the outcome of these sports can be all the same. When kids play sports at a young age and compete there is a giant risk factor to the kids mental and physical health. As kids grow up playing these sports, the pressure only increases, along with the risk of getting injured playing the sportRead MoreEffects Of Sports Essay1577 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages If you chose to play sports, is it really worth it? Playing sports, in my opinion, is worth it. A teenager plays to have fun, even try to get a scholarship to go to college for the sport they love, also playing teaches qualities youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need for the rest of your life, playing sports can improve your way of life by making a positive impact on your health such as weight, cardiorespiratory health, muscle and bones, and reduced risk of cancer. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re involved in a sport, does it have a positive orRead MoreEssay about Whywhy Children Should Play or Organized Sports1646 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhy Children Should Play School or Organized Sport Ã¢â¬Å"Research has shown that participation in outside of school sports and or other organized sports is associated with lower dropout rates, reduced problem behaviors, and increased school performance. Children build interpersonal skills, positive assets needed to become active and productive young adults. Studies suggest that children who are involved with after school sports or organized sports have higher self esteem, lower depression ratesRead MoreConcussions On Football : Is It Worth It?928 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfootball has become a major problem, not just for the professional athletes, but for kids of all ages from age 8 to 19. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has shown that concussion have doubled in the last decade and The American Academy of Pediatrics says that, Ã¢â¬Å"emergency room visits for concussions in children ages 8 to 13 years old has doubled, and concussions have risen 200 percent among teens ages 14 to 19 in the last decadeÃ¢â¬ (Keith Dunla p, The Oakland Press). This shows that the seriousnessRead MoreNorman Rockwell And The American Academy Of Design1044 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNorman Rockwell was born in 1894 and Died 1978. At the young age of 14, he enrolled in art school in New York City. Two Years later he left High school to study at the National Academy of design. Before studying Norman Rockwell for this paper I honestly had no kind of knowledge about him or any of his work, At least I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t think I did. Looking at some of the work that he has done, I noticed I few pieces that I have seen before. One thing that you would notice about all of his paintings. NormanRead MoreAdrian Beltre : One Of The Best Players879 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbasemen in Major League Baseball. Mr. Beltre is one of my favorite players in all of sports. I admire him to the extent that I have a bobble head of him on the dashboard of my car. Girls can be crazy baseball fans, too. Adrian Beltre is one of the best players of all time be cause he has been selected four times for the Rawlings Gold Glove Award, chosen four times for the Major League Baseball All-Star Games, and picked four times for the Silver Slugger Award. Adrian Beltre was born on April 7. 1979 inRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography : Women s Equality1611 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBoldman ENGL 1102-07 16 September 2015 WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Equality in Sports: Annotated Bibliography WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s equality is an issue that has been around for awhile. While women have been given many rights to increase equality, including the right to vote and go to college, the problem hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t completely vanished. One area that still sees this is in sports. WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s sports do not draw nearly as many fans and are not covered in the media as much as menÃ¢â¬â¢s sports, pay differences between male and female athletes are largeRead MoreThe Should Not Be An Nfl Football Player1122 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdoctor, and maybe even a teacher. There are probably many other choices, but mine was to be an NFL Football Player. This is not a dream I share alone as many other youths envision this dream too. So, we go out to parks and play the great American sport and pretend to be our favorite player. Growing up a Cowboy fan I would always pretend I was NFL great Emmitt Smith. So many of our youth still do the same as I work at an elementary school and here kids all the time at rec ess yell out football termRead MoreThe Effects of Concussions on Human Beings1308 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEffects of Concussions on Human Beings. Did you know, that someone suffers from a brain injury every 21 seconds (Haas)? Children get concussions all the time, and most of the time they go unnoticed. The majority of concussions happen when one is playing a sport such as football, hockey, or lacrosse. Many famous athletes have had their careers, even their lives cut short due to concussions. Brain damage and death can result from serial concussions (Schafer). When one suffers from a concussion, oneÃ¢â¬â¢s
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
A Theory of Human Motivation There are five basic hierarchical needs that each person must satisfy in order to achieve self-fulfillment. These needs begin with physiological, which includes the automatic drive to fulfill oneÃ¢â¬â¢s basic nourishment from food, water and air, as well as the choices in the selection of these needs. If these basic physiological needs are not met, all other needs will be ignored until these are satisfied. We will write a custom essay sample on A Theory of Human Motivation or any similar topic only for you Order Now Second is the personÃ¢â¬â¢s need for safety, which yields to short term and immediate dangers before considering other long term concerns to maintain safety in the future. The motivation to fulfill these needs include relieving physical discomforts such as pain or temperature extremes, avoiding hazardous risks that could potentially cause harm to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self, and also seeking surroundings that are familiar. Once the first two needs have been met, a person will focus on finding acceptance with others, not only with sex, but as a sense of belongingness with a person or groups that has a mutual concern for one another. Failure to satisfy the need for love often results in psychological maladjustments and disconnection in the future. The next is the esteem needs, which is the desire for respect from oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self as well as respect from others. The next need for self-actualization refers to a personÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to become whatever they imagine themselves capable of. If all other needs are satisfied then that person will then seek to improve oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own self in a way that they feel themselves capable of, and that varies from person to person. While further needs are seldom pursued, the final need is the desire to know and to understand that which has been previously unanswered. This is a need to satisfy oneÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest curiosities in the final stage of self-fulfillment. Once a need is fulfilled and higher needs become satisfied, a person may shift their attention back to more basic needs that have since been depleted or lost. These needs are only applicable in humans and the study of these needs on animals does not suggest anything about the higher needs of human motivation. How to cite A Theory of Human Motivation, Papers
Sunday, May 3, 2020
On Dumpster Diving by Las Eighner Essay Homelessness is increasing every year and effecting Americans of different age, ethnicity and religion. In Lars Eighner Ã¢â¬Å"On Dumpster DivingÃ¢â¬ he explains what he went through while being homeless. He describes how and what foods someone should be looking for and to always be conscious of what one is eating because there is always a reason why something has been thrown out. He continues to go into detail about other items that can be found in the dumpster like sheets to sleep on and pieces of paper to write on. Things that can keep him busy through the day. Eighner carefully explains to his readers how being a dumpster diver has become a life style for the homeless and this is how they survive. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a way of living and they are comfortable doing it. Ã¢â¬Å"I began dumpster diving about a year before I became homelessÃ¢â¬ (Eighner 713). He tries to bring us into the world of being homeless. It is hard to imagine what it would be like in that situation, and how could surviving as a dumpster diver be a way of survival? As a dumpster diver, Eighner is able to tell us what is ok to eat and have and what is not ok for your health. His essay starts by uttering some guidelines of what is and is not safe to eat. Ã¢â¬Å"Eating safely from the dumpsters involves three principles: using common sense for evaluating the food, knowing the dumpsters of the given areas and always ask, Ã¢â¬Å"Why was this discarded?Ã¢â¬ (Eighner 714). Eighner was born Laurence Vail Eighner in Corpus Christi, Texas, on November 25, 1948. When Eighner became homeless in 1988 after leaving a job he had been with for ten years as an attendant at a state hospital in Austin, Texas. Ã¢â¬Å"For three years he traveled back and forth between Austin and Los Angeles with his dog Lizbeth, earning what mo. .This is a very powerful article taking his readers into the world of being poor and homeless, and what people experience every day that could never be imagined. Eighner says in one of his last paragraphs that, Ã¢â¬Å"many times in our travels I have lost everything but the clothes I was wearing and LizbethÃ¢â¬ (Eighner 724). He also states that he and the wealthy have the same attitudes about knowing there is more where what they came from. Eighner is so powerful and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t care what others think of him. He is just trying to survive like everyone else. To have such a carefree attitude is very moving. Works CitedTravels with Lizbeth: Three Years on the Road and On the Streets. Publishers Weekly 260.34 (2013): 57. Academic Search Complete. Web. 30 Jan. 2014. Eighner, Lars (1992) On Dumpster Diving, New England Journal of Public Policy: Vol. 8: Iss. 1, Article 7.
Wednesday, March 25, 2020
Introduction International business operates in more than one country, region or continent. The location of international business is an important factor to the performance of any international business.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Concepts of International Business specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Punnett and Ricks proclaim that the location of any business depends on factors e.g. the raw materials location, the labor force, infrastructure, government laws and regulations, the target market and even the viability of expansion. Because of these factors, the location of a business must be scanned well as it will determine the costs of operation. The location of international business must also take into consideration the cultures as the beliefs and practices differ from region to region. International Business It is therefore categorical that the location of an international business has a heavy weight on the performance of the business. The first theory of international business location is the agglomeration theory (Hofstede, 99). The theory asserts that since companies and people are concentrated in the same places, the businesses should also be located in these regions. The location of companies should thus be placed where there are people. The theory capitalizes on the fact that people are important factors of production and therefore the success of the business depends on this production factors. The theory has several advantages. To begin with, businesses that are located where there are people will incur a small portion of their finances on the transportation of these goods. The target market will be closer to the company thereby making the transportation costs to be low. Another advantage of this theory is that the international business located where people are will be capable getting the required human factors of production. With these skills available for the company to utiliz e, the company will be in a position to improve the efficiency and therefore realize high returns. The high supply of labor will also enable the international business to get labor costs at low cost. This will further reduce the operation costs and thereby increase the business profits.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moreover, the location of people in the same place may mean that the cultures and beliefs will be shared. In circumstances where there arte diverse cultures, the international business will be forced to take a long time in order to segment its market and customize its products. The marketing department will also have to customize the promotion message in order to attract the varied interest. Wirth the same cultures and operations, 5the business will be in apposition to reduce the costs of product development and promotion, this will thus lead to increased retur ns. Strength of this theory is that with the location of production factors at the same place, the need and risk of international variation of exchange rates will be eradicated. Adverse exchange rate fluctuation will make the business incur high business costs which will reduce the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s income. Despite the several advantages of this theory, it also suffers from many drawbacks. First, the likelihood of people getting concentrated in one place is almost equal to zero. This is because of the fact that the population distribution does not depend on the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s location but other factors. The location of people will not at any given point be at the same region as they exist different regions and economic regions around the world. Another drawback of this theory is that the government regulations will affect the location of any business. The government in most instances wants the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s location to be at places away from the resident areas. This is because t he close location of business to the people may lead to the pollution of the environment thus affecting the human health. The business also has the corporate responsibility to look into the affairs of the community at large hence should not be ethically located. Again, it will be rare for all the production factors to be placed at one point. It will always be realized that some factors of production are nor available and must therefore be imported from other regions. Not any single region can be endowed with all the production factors. The second theory is that of orthodox. The theory is built on the short comings of the agglomeration theory (Buckley, 66). The theory explains that international businesses will not realize a constant return to scale in its production across the globe. Businesses have to be located depending on the growth prospects and opportunities.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Concepts of International Business specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is because; the business should be focused to achieving increased returns. The theory therefore tends to discourage the location of the business in regions with declining return. It can therefore be said that this theory is aimed at maximizing the shareholders wealth which is in line with any profit making firm. This theory of location benefits from the following advantages. It takes into account growth prospects. As such the business will realize continued growth in its operation and increase the value of its returns. The business wills also retrench its production in regions with declining results. By doing so, the synergy will be greater and thereby the survival growth. The second advantage of this theory is the fact that in carefully scanned the environment before determining the location. By doing so, the business will be able to avoid losses that arise because of lack of proper feasibility study. This as well will mean that the production will take into account the need to customize its production and this will enhance the customersÃ¢â¬â¢ satisfaction a fact that is important in international business. Allen and Raynor (12), London, Ted, and Stuart, Hart, (25) that, orthodox theory is also genuine in that all factors of production and the demand will vary depending on the economic factors. The global economy experiences different economic conditions at different times and therefore the business location must take into account these factors. Failure for the business to consider the economic conditions will make is realize declining returns that may hinder the business going concern. The globe experiences different inflation level, tastes and preferences thereby making the location to be dependent and demand. This theory is also important as it considers that different regions are endowed with different factors of production. This therefore makes the location to depend on the factors location. Com panies will tend to locate their operations in regions that will economies on the costs of production. For example, companies will be located in areas that are close to the most important production factor that areas that are far away. The models of transportation will be used to calculate the cheapest means of production. Finally, the location theory also makes the operation efficiency to be enhanced. This is because the business will be located in areas which are likely to make the business grow. The location will look into the government regulations and other legal factors and this will make the business reduce the costs of paying the costs that are caused with the high regulation charges.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the contrary, orthodox theory suffers from various drawbacks. To begin with, this location theory will; demand a lot of resources top conduct the feasibility and viability study, this will thus increase the start up cost and reducer the initial returns. The theory may also fail to address the long term objectives as the business returns may be viable for a while before they begin to decline, this means that the business location may have a short life span. Continued long term prospects may be difficult to determine. Since the theory only considers the returns to the business, it will not help solve the solution requirement for non profit international companies. Welch and Wilkinson (225) say that, Ã¢â¬Å"Some international business may not have the sole objective of achieving only economic objectives.Ã¢â¬ Other factor should thus be considered i.e. the expectation of the society and the need to provide services. The location of international businesses should therefore be care fully evaluated in order to make the businesses realize good returns. Other theories advocate factors like regionalization, integration and alliances in order to influence the business location. It will thus be important for international business managers to integrate several factors in the determination of business location. Because of the crucial role of culture in international; operation, it should be given the due gravity. Conclusion In conclusion, there is no single theory that can explain the determination of business location. A trade off must thus be made depending on the weights and contribution by each factor in its impact on the business operation. Work Cited Allen, Dwight. and Raynor, Michael. Preparing for a New Global Business Environment: Divided and Disorderly or Integrated and Harmonious? Journal of Business Strategy 25, 2004. Print. Buckley, Peter. What is International Business? Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. Print.. Hofstede, Kr aut. CultureÃ¢â¬â¢s Consequences: Individual Differences in Work Related Values. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1980. Print. London, Ted and Stuart, Hart. Reinventing Strategies for Emerging Markets: Beyond the Transnational Model. Journal of International Business Studies 35, no. 5 2004. Print. Punnett, Ricks, D. International Business. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1997. Print. Welch, Catherine and Wilkinson, Ian. The Political Embeddedness of International Business Networks; International Marketing Review, 2004. Print. This essay on Concepts of International Business was written and submitted by user Finnegan Gallegos to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Friday, March 6, 2020
Use of Thematic Maps in Geography A thematic map emphasizes a theme or topic, such as the average distribution of rainfall in an area. Theyre different from general reference maps because they dont just show natural and manmade features such as rivers, cities, political subdivisions, and highways. If these items appear on a thematic map, theyre reference points to enhance ones understanding of the maps theme and purpose. Normally, thematic maps use coastlines, city locations, and political boundaries as their basis. The maps theme is then layered onto this base map via different mapping programs and technologies such as geographic information systems (GIS). History Thematic maps didnt develop until the mid-17th century, because accurate base maps didnt exist before then. Once maps became accurate enough to correctly display coastlines, cities, and other boundaries, the first thematic maps were created. In 1686, for example, English astronomer Edmond Halley developed a star chart and published the first meteorological chart using base maps as his reference in an article he wrote about trade winds. In 1701, Halley published the first chart to show lines of magnetic variation,Ã a thematic map that later became useful in navigation. Halleys maps were largely used for navigation and study of the physical environment. In 1854, London doctor John Snow created the first thematic map used for problem analysis when he mapped choleras spread throughout the city. He began with a base map of Londons neighborhoods that included streets and water pump locations. He then mapped locations where people had died from cholera on that base map and found that the deaths clustered around one pump. He determined that the water coming from the pump was the cause of cholera. The first map of Paris showing population density was developed by Louis-Leger Vauthier, a French engineer. It used isolines (lines connecting points of equal value) to show population distribution throughout the city. He is believed to have been the first to use isolines to display a theme that didnt have to do with physical geography. Audiences and Sources The most significant factor to consider when designing thematic maps is the maps audience, which helps determine what items should be included on the map as reference points in addition to the theme. A map being made for a political scientist, for example, would need to show political boundaries, whereas one for a biologist might need contours showing elevation. The sources of thematic maps data are also important. Cartographers must find accurate, recent, reliable sources of information on a wide range of subjects, from environmental features to demographic data, to make the best possible maps. Once accurate data is found, there are various ways to use that data that must be considered with the maps theme. Univariate mapping deals with only one type of data and looks at the occurrence of one type of event. This process would be good for mapping a locations rainfall. Bivariate data mapping shows the distribution of two data sets and models their correlations, such as rainfall amounts relative to elevation. Multivariate data mapping, which uses two or more data sets, could look at rainfall, elevation, and the amount of vegetation relative to both, for example. Types of Thematic Maps Although cartographers can use data sets in different ways to create thematic maps, five thematic mapping techniques are used most often: The most common is the choropleth map, which portrays quantitative data as a color and can show density, percent, average value, or quantity of an event within a geographic area. Sequential colors represent increasing or decreasing positive or negative data values. Normally, each color also represents a range of values.Proportional or graduated symbols are used in another type of map to represent data associated with locations, such as cities. Data is displayed on these maps with proportionally sized symbols to show differences in occurrences. Circles are most often used, but squares and other geometric shapes are also suitable. The most common way to size these symbols is to make their areas proportional to the values to be depicted using mapping or drawing software.Another thematic map, the isarithmic or contour map, uses isolines to depict continuous values such as precipitation levels. These maps also can display three-dimensional values, such as elevation, on topographic maps. G enerally, data for isarithmic maps is gathered via measurable points (e.g. weather stations) or is collected by area (e.g. tons of corn per acre by county). Isarithmic maps also follow the basic rule that there are high and low sides in relation to the isoline. For example, in elevation, if the isoline is 500 feet, then one side must be higher than 500 feet and one side must be lower. A dot map, another type of thematic map, uses dots to show the presence of a theme and display a spatial pattern. A dot can represent one unit or several, depending on what is being depicted.Finally, dasymetric mapping is a complex variation on the choropleth map that uses statistics and additional information to combine areas with similar values instead of using the administrative boundaries common in a simple choropleth map.
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
Fnancial analysis. Accenture, Wal-Mart, and McDonalds - Essay Example McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s is the largest fast food restaurant in the world. The company has over 32,000 stores worldwide. The global sales of McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s in 2011 were $27 billion. The use of aggressive advertising strategies has helped McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s gain popularity, increase its customer base, and achieve superior customer retention. Section two The annual reports of Accenture, Wal-Mart, and McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s were downloaded for review. Each annual report provided information regarding the financial statements of the companies. All three companies demonstrated having strong cash reserves. The firm with the largest cash account was Wal-Mart with $7.40 billion. Accenture ranked second between the three companies at $5.7 billion, while McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s had the weakest cash position at $2.34 billion. The current ratio was chosen as the metric to measure the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to pay off its short term debt using current assets. All three companies are in good position to pay off their current debt due to the fact that all three companies had a current ratio above the 1.0 threshold. Wal-Mart utilized the most cash on investing activities out of the three firms at $12.19 billion. The firm that had the lowest amount of cash spend in investing activities was Accenture with $0.7 billion. The amount of cash spend in investing activities by McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s was $2.57 billion. The firm with the highest change in non-current assets during fiscal year 2011 was Wal-Mart with $5.55 billion. ... The amount of cash spend in investing activities by McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s was $2.57 billion. The firm with the highest change in non-current assets during fiscal year 2011 was Wal-Mart with $5.55 billion. The change in non-current assets of Accenture and McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s were $0.99 billion and $24 million respectively. Section five Net income 2009 2010 2011 Accenture $1.59 billion $1.78 billion $2.28 billion McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s $4.55 billion $4.95 billion $5.5 billion Wal-Mart $13.38 billion $14.37 billion $16.39 billion Cash flow from operating activities 2009 2010 2011 Accenture $3.16 billion $3.09 billion $3.44 billion McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s $5.75 billion $6.34 billion $7.15 billion Wal-Mart $23.64 billion $26.25 billion $23.64 billion From 2009 to 2011 Accenture, McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s and Wal-Mart all enjoyed increases in net income. The income of Accenture went up by 43.39% in comparison with 2009 and it rose by 28.08% in comparison with 2010. In 2011 McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s enjoyed a net income in crease of 11.11% in comparison with the previous year. Wal-Mart had a net income increase of 14.05% between 2010 and 2011. The retail giant enjoyed the greatest net income increase at $2.02 billion. The only company that enjoyed consecutive increases in cash from operating activities during the period between 2009 and 2011 was McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s. Section six Based on the financial analysis performed on the three companies in this paper I am going to choose the company that is the best investment alternative for investors looking to make some money. Wal-Mart Corporation was the company with the highest amount of cash reserves and it was also the firm with the highest current ratio. Wal-Mart has the greatest liquidity of the three firms. Wal-Mart